Saturday, January 14, 2012

Debate Heats up Over Ill. Jailed Immigrant Policy

Controversy over a Cook County ordinance that forbids the sheriff from notifying federal officials when they're about to release suspected illegal immigrants from jail is heating up after a suspect charged in a fatal hit-and-run posted bail and disappeared.

Amid reports that Saul Chavez, an illegal immigrant, hasn't been seen since late last year when his family posted bail, the nation's top immigration official and the board president of the county that includes Chicago have squared off with dueling statements about the ordinance passed last September.

"This ordinance undermines public safety in Cook County and hinders (the Immigration and Customs Enforcement's) ability to enforce the nation's immigration laws," wrote the agency's director, John Morton, in a letter to County Board President Toni Preckwinkle. "In addition to undermining local public safety, the Ordinance may also violate federal law."

Preckwinkle said she is bothered by the case, not because of Chavez's immigration status, but because his bail was set too low for someone with a prior felony conviction and who posed a flight risk. "Some have tried to blame Chavez's immigration status, but what allowed Chavez to escape prosecution was an attainable bond that didn't take into account his criminal history and flight risk," she said in the news release.

Cook County has been at the center of the debate over the treatment of illegal immigrants for several months. While other places, such as San Francisco, have passed similar measures in response to the Obama administration's program that aims to pursue more criminal deportations, Cook County was the first to forbid a sheriff from holding suspected felons as well as those accused of misdemeanors.

Proponents say the county's previous practice of holding immigrants in jail after they served their time or posted bail until federal agents could pick them up was unfair and unconstitutional. "By refusing the detain people who are entitled to their freedom, based merely on a request from (immigration agents) we are upholding our system of justice," Jesus Garcia, a commissioner who supported the measure, said in a statement at the time.

But critics have said the ordinance is a disaster waiting to happen, that ultimately an illegal immigrant who otherwise could have been held by federal authorities is going to walk out of jail and commit another crime.

"This is our Willie Horton moment in Cook County," warned Commissioner Timothy Schneider at the time he voted against the ordinance, referring to the convicted killer who raped a woman after being released as part of a Massachusetts program.

In her news release this week, Preckwinkle said the problem has nothing to do with immigration and everything to do with an overwhelmed criminal justice system. Judges, she said, have to make decisions "in an instant, without access to the appropriate level of information upon which to base their decision."


TN police board scraps jail immigration rules

State drops controversial screening procedure in favor of federal program

The state board governing law enforcement procedures on Friday dropped a controversial policy that had county jailers interviewing arrestees on their immigration status.

The Tennessee Peace Officer Standards and Training Commission voted unanimously to drop rules that require jail employees to ask newly booked suspects whether they U.S. citizens and where they were born. The change comes in response to a lawsuit filed by Nashville immigration attorney Elliott Ozment who argued that the rules were illegally created in secret instead of discussed in public meetings, didn’t seek input from sheriffs across the state and improperly add to the time that suspects are held in jail.

Joseph Underwood, attorney for the commission, said that jailers across the state instead will follow a new federal program, called Secure Communities, which sends fingerprints of everyone arrested to federal authorities to screen for immigration status.

“There will be no need for these questions to be asked,” he said of the old state policy.

Ozment, who attended the hearing, said he would drop his lawsuit against the commission because of the vote.

“As far as we’re concerned, we accomplished what we wanted to do, which was to eliminate the POST Commission policy,” he said after the meeting. “We consider this to be a victory - that’s not to say that we don’t have problems with the Secure Communities Program.”

Ozment is suing the Williamson County Sheriff’s Office’s implementation of the now-defunct state rules, on behalf of five immigrants who claim the agency was using powers reserved only for federal immigration authorities.


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